Dental diseases - an overview

Red: (very) frequent, typical
Blue: occasionally, regularly
Green: rarely(er)

Possible secondary   symptoms and diseases



  • Damp, wet and/or pappy eye (or both eyes)
  • Conspicuous feeding behavior: e.g. head tilting, preference for softer feeds such as kernels or fresh feed, crumbling of almonds, throwing feed away
  • Weight loss, underweight
  • sneezing, nasal discharge
  • Salivating, drooling
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Palpable bone flare-ups on the lower jaw
  • Protruding eye(s), altered intraocular pressure
  • Signs of pain such as whimpering, teeth grinding, apathy, aggression, excessive brushing, rubbing the head on the floor/objects, frequent pawing over the mouth, squeezing eyes shut
  • too bright incisors
  • Digestive problems such as regurgitation, diarrhea, constipation or deformed feces
  • Proliferation of pathogenic bacteria, yeasts, giardia, possibly worms in the gastrointestinal tract
  • Neurological abnormalities: Symptoms of inner ear inflammation, seizures
  • Hereditary/ genetic
  • Incorrect nutrition during pregnancy and growth
  • Incorrect diet (too little structured crude fiber, too little green/ roughage, too much concentrated feed and treats)
  • Untreated/ unrecognized inflammatory processes
  • Trauma/ fractures
  • Consequence of diseases that are associated with too little or selective feed intake over a long period of time (e.g. heart disease)
  • Age-related
  • Mouth inspection
  • X-ray images(!)
  • CT images if necessary
  • Individual-oriented, regular dental rehabilitation (teeth shortening, extraction, etc.)
  • Pain medication (meloxicam, together with metamizole if necessary)
  • Antibiotic
  • Pup feeding if necessary
  • In case of digestive disorders: Depending on the problem, among others, Colosan, Simeticon, cdVet Darm rein, etc.

   For more details see:

   Digestive tract

   disorders → Therapy

  • For deficiencies: Feed supplements e.g. cdVet MicroMineral